Amorion

   Strategic city in Phrygia (q.v.). Because of its location on the main road from the Cilician Gates to the Asiatic suburbs of Constantinople (q.v.), it was the object of many Arab attacks in the seventh and eighth centuries. It was also the paternal home of Emperor Michael II (q.v.), who founded the Amorion dynasty (820-867), and capital of the Anatolikon theme (q.v.). The Abbasid caliph Mutasim (q.v.) conquered the city in 838, carrying away the entire population, an event that made a deep impression on contemporaries; recent archeological excavations have demonstrated how destructive the attack was. The story of the 42 Martyrs of Amorion (q.v.) became famous in hagiography (q.v.) and art.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amorĭon — (a. Geogr.), Stadt in Phrygien; angeblich Äsops Geburtsort …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amorion — 39.02043888888931.289144444444 Koordinaten: 39° 1′ 14″ N, 31° 17′ 21″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amorion Dynasty —    See Amorion …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Forty-two Martyrs of Amorion —    Saints executed on 6 March 845 for refusing to convert to Islam (q.v.). According to the legend they were carried off after the capture of Amorion (q.v.) in 838 by the caliph Mutasim (q.v.) to his new capital on the Tigris (q.v.), Samarra.… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Michael II the Amorion —    Emperor (q.v.) from 820 829 who founded the Amorion (q.v.) dynasty (820 867). His reign began with the stain of Michael s assassination of Leo V (q.v.) in front of the high altar of Hagia Sophia (q.v.). Almost immediately the revolt (820 823)… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Amorium — Amorion, lateinisch Amorium, ist eine byzantinische Stadt in Phrygien beim heutigen Hısarköy, 12 km vom türkischen Bezirksort Emirdağ entfernt. Amorion war in der byzantinischen Zeit als kastron eine der wichtigsten und stark befestigten Städte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 838 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 8. Jahrhundert | 9. Jahrhundert | 10. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 800er | 810er | 820er | 830er | 840er | 850er | 860er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 834 | 835 | 836 | …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afschin — Afschīn, mit eigentlichem Namen Khaydār bin Kāvūs Afschīn (persisch ‏افشین‎, arabisierte Form Haydar bin Kavus; * 8. Jh; † 841 in Samarra), war ein iranischer General der Abbasiden und ein Mitglied einer Adelsfamilie aus dem Gebiet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amorio — There are things that have the name Amorio:*Amorio, Amori, or Amorion is a town in the prefecture of Evros, Greece *Amorion or Amorium was an ancient city in Phrygia, near modern Emirdağ, Turkey *Amorio is also a surname *Tikal Amorio is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Amorium — was a city in Phrygia, Asia Minor which was founded in the Hellenistic period, flourished under the Byzantine Empire, and declined after the Arab attack of 838. Its ruins are located near the village of Hisarköy, Turkey.Amorium is the Latinized… …   Wikipedia

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